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HEINE

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Full Name: Heine
Series Name: Herman Gallwitz
Nationality: German
Organization: German Intelligence
Occupation Agent

Creator: Edgar Wallace
Time Span: 1918 - 1919

ABOUT THE SERIES

       Heine is an agent with German Intelligence.
       The information we have of this interesting operative who ran agents in both England and America in the days leading up to and through the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and the start of World War I comes from a series of short recounts of his activities. It is important to note before one begins to read these accounts that they are written by Heine himself and therefore describes events and motives and, most of all, results from his point of view.
       When we first meet him, he has been recently assigned to London, a relief because he feared he would be sent to France and he is quite vocal about his distaste for the French. That and his grasp of their language is less than desirable. English, on the other hand, he is natively competent with it, though in truth his attitude towards the English is really not that much better than that towards the French.
       The tales available are introduced with the words: "This narrative of a German spy, who lived and had his being in our midst, is based upon irrefutable facts, which are offered to our readers for the first time. The series is compiled from notes and memoranda which were made by Hermann Gallwitz, aka Heine, an agent of Captain Karl von Rintellen, the mysterious banker-spy who was arrested while travelling to Europe under the name of ""Von Gasche". Gallwitz never intended his private diary to be published, and because of this our readers will have a much better insight into the vain and conceited mind of the German spy, who fondly believed that a British Secret Service did not exist. For reasons which will be obvious fictitious names are given, and codes, signals and identification systems have been altered."
       For his new role as London Station chief, Heine adopted the occupation of reporter working for a Chinese News Bureau with a sideline as "an agent for a firm of importers in Shanghai". The former gave him excuses to go to all sorts of public gatherings to report of events and thus to ask any number of questions. The latter was because through it it would be "only natural that I should be called up all hours of the day and night with offers of goods", such messages containing instructions in code.
       His passport clearly indicates he is of Chilean nationality, that nation chosen because it was felt extremely unlikely any European country would decide to declare war on Chile. He will on many occasions fall back on his supposed Chilean origin. Luckily for him he is asked nothing of his previous life there, which is good because he visited there only once and not for very long.
       Heine is, according to himself, the epitome of what a spy should be and certainly everything a true German should aspire to. His actions as the former would make one question his veracity and by extension would cast considerable doubt on the latter. Through all his trials and ordeals, however, he very seldom wavers in his convictions about himself and wants it made known that his need to leave London during those times when danger neared were all totally justified and regretful as he would love nothing more than to prove his unbridled German courage.
       Despite Heine's insistence that there was no organized English intelligence apparatus, he does admit, slowly and sadly, that the ever-increasingly annoying Mister Haynes, later known to be Major Haynes, might possibly be involved in such as vocation as Haynes proves over and again to be a foil for the ingenious schemes of Heine. The relationship between Heine and Haynes grows steadily over time and it does, Heine's loathing of Haynes will evolve. For his part, Haynes will admit at one point to Heine that he actually "doesn't dislike him". Mind you, it was said with a smile which for Haynes can mean any number of things.

Some of Heine's observations and thoughts which are of interest are:

- Advice to one of the agents working under him in England, "You must exercise the greatest care. Even though these English are very stupid, they may easily blunder into a discovery."

- "The English are the most stupid liars in the world."

- "The English Army is almost as insignificant a factor as -- as well -- the American army, which only exists on paper."

- Regarding his sentimentality which he forces subdued, "Sentiment does not live in an agent's pocket".

BOOKS

Number of Books:1
First Appearance:1919
Last Appearance:1919

1 The Adventures of Heine The Adventures of Heine
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1919

Collection of 18 short stories previously published in the Dundee, Scotland, newspaper Thomson's Weekly News and bundled as one volume the next year.
These tell the tale of a German spy living in England who goes by the name Heine. The stories are:
The Affair of Mister Haynes
The Man from the Stars
The Affair of the Allied Conference
The Word of a Prince
The Murderers
The Grey Envelope
Mr. Collingrey, M.P., Pacifist
The Jermyn Credit Bank
The Passing of Heine
The U-Boat Adventure
Brethren of the Order
The World Dictator
The Syren
The Coming of the Bolsheviks
The Going of Heine
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NOVELLAS AND SHORT STORIES

Number of Stories:18
First Appearance:1918
Last Appearance:1918

       According to the Edgar Wallace expert, Roy Glashan, these tales were originally published without a title in the Thomson's Weekly News of Dundee, Scotland. When later collected into a single volume, titles were added and the name of the character changed to Heine.
       In the newspaper, they were referred to as My Adventures as a German Spy in Britain and were "attributed to Herman Gallwitz, Agent of Captain Karl von Rintellen, the Famous Banker-Spy".
       Later the stories would be collected for a single volume and titles were added. Additionally, the name of the spy was changed from Hermann Gallwitz to simply "Heine".

1 Alexander and the Lady Alexander and the Lady
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 01/19/1918
Heine is told by one of his best men, tasked with learning what he could about English coastal defenses, that he had through luck become acquainted with a young woman, daughter of an weapon designer, and would soon have the blueprints and a prototype of a new invention.
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2 The Man Who Dwelt on a Hill The Man Who Dwelt on a Hill
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 01/26/1918
Heading to Scotland to lay low for a bit, Heine works with one of his lieutenants, van Kahn, who sees an opening for mischief in Edinburgh. Before Heine can join in, his man is arrested for money smuggling in a sting operation.
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3 The Lovely Miss Harrymore The Lovely Miss Harrymore
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 02/02/1918
While trying to finagle his way into working with the British Labor Union to spread dissent, Heine is on hand when he receives word from Germany of a new bomb nearby. When possible help comes in the form of a young woman claiming she was a part of German Intelligence, Heine is certain she was a trap and worked to make sure she failed.
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4 The Affair of Mister Haynes The Affair of Mister Haynes
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 02/09/1918
Needing to increase his intelligence gathering in England and having trouble with it, Heine comes up with an ingenious plan to hire an out-of-work reporter named Haynes to make the inquiries for him, believing that a reporter's questions would be less suspicious. This terrific idea does not work quite like he expected.
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5 The Man from the Stars The Man from the Stars
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 02/16/1918
Receiving instruction from Berlin to provide as many maps of London as he could buy as well as one special map marking where the street-lamps were darkened. Knowing a major air-raid was planned, Heine leaves town but upon returning and finding no damage at all, he is stunned when reports from Germany talk of it being a fantastic success.
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6 The Affair of the Allied Conference The Affair of the Allied Conference
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 02/23/1918
Heine is thrilled to have been given information about a secret tunnel into the manor of a man in possession of plans for a German officer POW camp. His plans to take advantage of the info is soured by the actions of Major Haynes
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7 The Word of a Prince The Word of a Prince
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 03/02/1918
Heine is thrilled to learn that the beautiful Miss Kathleen O'Mara was coming from America. She was fervently Irish and supported Germany because it opposed England. Her plans, though, are not at all what Heine hopes they will be.
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8 The Murderers The Murderers
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 03/09/1918
Heine receives word from Germany that two murderers have been removed from prison there and sent to England to be available should such men be needed. Though Heine was aghast at such a prospect, when one of his regular men gets arrested on a spying charge, Heine knows the man is certain to talk, unless ...
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9 The Grey Envelope The Grey Envelope
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 03/16/1918
Heine is more than a little surprise at the unannounced visit to his office by Major Haynes. Haynes tells him that while Heine is of course totally innocent, some German agents were led to believe he was part of their network and they would be delivering an envelope with stolen top secret intel to be passed to another agent in Southport. Heine realized his only option was to pass any envelope to Haynes.
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10 Mr. Collingrey, M.P., Pacifist Mr. Collingrey, M.P., Pacifist
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 03/23/1918
The arrival of a prominent Swede, really an instrument of German Intelligence, is thrilling to Heine with the hope of helping on a big score. The plan of the Swede is to buy a failing London newspaper. The trick was to find the best go-between and Heine hit upon Mr. Collingrey, an M.P. and a pacifist.
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11 The Jermyn Credit Bank The Jermyn Credit Bank
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 03/30/1918
When an American con man shows up on the recommendation of a colleague of Heine in the US, Heine is not interested. When Heine sees a chance to lend a powerful British general £20k, he jumps at it. When the general turns out to really be the American, Heine is sickened. When Major Haynes shows up, things get worse.
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12 The Passing of Heine The Passing of Heine
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 04/06/1918
Certain that the hand of British Intelligence in the personage of Major Haynes is about to snatch him, Heine decides leaving the country in disguise is a good idea. The question remained of under what conditions and Haynes has some ideas about that.
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13 The U-Boat Adventure The U-Boat Adventure
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 04/13/1918
According to Heine's retelling, the ship to America he was on was sunk by a U-boat torpedo, as opposed to his having fallen overboard. Nevertheless, he is rescued by a U-boat who finds having a trained German spy to help is a great thing and has a very dangerous mission for him.
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14 Brethren of the Order Brethren of the Order
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 04/20/1918
Returning to London via his unexpected U-boat excursion, Heine is determined to get back into the good graces of his bosses in German Intelligence. He finds the means through a plan to help finance a radical Irish group operating in England called the Sons of Irish Freedom. Their objective is not quite what Heine had thought.
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15 The World Dictator The World Dictator
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 04/27/1918
Heine knows it is just a matter of time before Major Haynes learns of his return so he makes it a point to announce it to the man via letter, and then to immediately find a legitimate job to show he is truly on the up-and-up. His surprise is immense when he lands a position as personal secretary to the Earl of Seabury who has plans for taking over the country.
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16 The Syren The Syren
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 05/04/1918
Heine is surprised and dismayed to learn during a visit by Major Haynes that the intelligence officer knows that German agents have a special sequence blown on a whistle to get all nearby agents to immediately report in. What that signal was, however, remained unknown and Heine is for certain not going to be the one to divulge it, no matter what Haynes tries.
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17 The Coming of the Bolsheviks The Coming of the Bolsheviks
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 05/11/1918
Heine admits it is no secret that Germany has no love for the Bolsheviks living in its borders. He is surprised then to learn from the visiting Baron von Hatzfeld, his boss, that a Bolshevik coming in from Sweden is to be assisted by Heine. Heine is also told he must find a way to disperse some £50k+ of counterfeit money.
Note: this is really a two-part adventure finished in the next one.
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18 The Going of Heine The Going of Heine
Written by Edgar Wallace
Copyright: 1918

First published in Thomson's Weekly News 05/18/1918
A continuation of the adventure just before, Heine has accidentally fallen into an ingenious way of spreading the large amount of phoney money he is told to disperse. His plan works flawlessly and ever so easily. Unfortunately, another error has resulted in all of German Intelligence wanting his hide and the only way to stay alive is through Major Haynes.
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MY COMMENTS

       All these years after his death and Edgar Wallace's prose still fascinate me. It is so understandable why he ruled the thriller market for so many years. I love having this series to enjoy.
       Having said that, when I first read some of the stories to be able to write these comments, I could not stand Heine, which is, I believe, exactly as the author intended. Heine is a German spy and the Germans at the time were the bad guys and Heine was trying his best to be the worst of them. In fact, I would have likely just read the first three or four and no more except for Major Haynes.
       When I learned some time after posting my initial thoughts on Heine that the Major Haynes I had just met briefly would have a whole sequence of stories just on him, I was intrigued. After reading those tales and absolutely loving each one, and finding that Haynes played a bigger role in the Heine stories than I have first thought, I decided it was necessary to give Heine another go.
       Boy was I pleased I did. I gained a whole new appreciation for these tales. Now, my opinion about Heine never waivered and I learned that it should not have. Heine is a buffoon who is a blowhard and a coward, a cheat and the liar, and so much more (or less). If this is the type of spy that I might have to counter, I would say 'thank you'. He beats himself more often than is beaten.
       But, and this is important, each way that he will fail, either through his own foibles or through the genius of Haynes, the reader should find himself loving the trip. I know I did, every step of the way.
       In my first write-up, I ended with a "Good job, Mr. Wallace". I amend it with, "Very good job, Mr. Wallace".

GRADE

My Grade: B+

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